Currently, the prevailing custom among Anash is to celebrate the engagement of
kallah with a celebration known as a
Vort - "giving one's word" - or a
In the course of this celebration, non-written assurances are received - primarily in the form of a kabbalas kinyan - from the parties, in which they pledge to go through with the marriage.
The more formal written agreement regarding the marriage and the conditions attached thereto, known as the Tena'im , or "Conditions," are formalized on the day of the wedding itself.
Quite often, the Rebbe would issue the following blessing in honor of the Vort : "May it be in a good and auspicious hour. Mazal Tov. Azkir al haTziyun."
The Rebbe would urge that the Vort be celebrated with the recitation of a maamar , a Chassidic discourse, preferably by the chassan himself, if not by others.
Additionally, during the Vort, an earthenware plate is broken [generally by the mothers of chassan and kallah ], and a Chassidic farbrengen is conducted.
The Rebbe very much favored that the Vort be celebrated in a modest and non-ostentatious manner.
The Rebbe was also quite emphatic that the engagement period not be termed "eirusin," " betrothal."
In reply to your undated letter in which you inquire whether to celebrate the engagement with a tena'im
or a kinyan
, [i.e., a vort
It really does not make too much of a difference in which manner you choose to celebrate it. Inquire among your local Anash as to the current prevailing custom and conduct yourself in this manner.
(Igros Kodesh, Vol. XIV, p. 255)
Surely you recited a maamar
at the time of your kishurei hatena'im
(Igros Kodesh, Vol. XIII, p. 134)
The Previous Rebbe, Rabbi Yosef Y. Schneersohn, of blessed memory, writes the following with regard to when it is appropriate for the Alter Rebbe's Niggun
to be sung:
"This song was sung in Lubavitch only on recognized occasions - from Rosh Chodesh Elul through Simchas Torah, Yud-Tes Kislev, Purim, during the festive meals of a tena'im, or a wedding...."
Someone asked the Rebbe whether the Alter Rebbe's Niggun may be sung during a vort, as there is no formal writing of the tena'im at the vort.
The Rebbe responded: "The answer to this question is within the province of a Rav who regularly rules on matters of Jewish law."
(From a Teshurah)
... You write in your letter that you are planning to write the tena'im
on the day of the wedding.
There is absolutely no room for doubt [that this may be done]; indeed, it is proper to do so. May the tena'im as well [as the wedding to follow] be celebrated in a good and auspicious hour.
(Igros Kodesh, Vol. VII, p. 19)
... It is my considered opinion that the term " eirusin
" ("betrothal") neither be verbalized nor written [in describing the engaged couple] until the actual [ceremony] of eirusin
takes place [on the wedding day].
(From a letter of the Rebbe, dated 5 Sivan, 5729)
There are those who, when desiring to notify others about the engagement of a chassan
write and publicize that "so and so" and "so and so" were betrothed (nisarsu
The use of this terminology is a matter of sheer ignorance, since the state of eirusin means that the woman is considered an " eishes ish" ("wife of her husband") with regard to all matters [relating to her relationship with others]. This state [of eirusin] possesses implication with regard to capital matters as well.
Here, however, [when they are simply engaged to be married], we are speaking merely of that which is termed "kishurei tena'im" - "bound by the pledge that they will be getting married." This term [as it relates to the engagement of a chassan and kallah] is found in the codes of Jewish law.
(Shaarei Halachah U'Minhag, Vol. IV, p. 90)
- (Back to text) Simchas Olam, p. 42.
- (Back to text) See Likkutei Sichos, Vol. XIX, p. 510.
- (Back to text) See also Simchas Olam, pp. 41-42; Binyan Adei Ad, p. 1.
- (Back to text) Igros Kodesh, Admur Rayatz, Vol. III, p. 385.
- (Back to text) Subsequently the question was asked of a Rav, who responded that the Alter Rebbe's Niggun may be sung. His reasoning was that since the vort is conducted in a public manner - there are more than ten attendees (which has a direct bearing on the weight and force of the agreement) - and the vort consists of celebrating a new joyous occasion, it is an auspicious enough occasion to sing the niggun.
- (Back to text) See Sichah, Parshas Sissa 5741, section 53ff., where this is discussed at greater length.